Spicebush, common

Lindera benzoin
An up to 15' shrub with rough, brown bark with tiny white speckles. The alternate, stalked, oval leaves are not toothed. The 1/8-1/4" yellow flowers are in clusters of 3-6 at the tips of twigs and appear in March, April before the leaves open. There are no petals and the calyx is 6-part. The 3/8" oval red fruit appears in September, October. Found in moist open woods. The twigs, leaves and flowers are distinctively fragrant when crushed.